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Name: Foeniculum vulgare
Semihardy perennial; hardiness zone 6
Time and Color: July to October; yellow.
average, very well-drained soil
The foliage of fennel cannot be dried successfully because of its high moisture
content. It can be chopped, covered with water, and frozen in ice cube trays.
Sprigs can be frozen wrapped in foil for some weeks. To dry seeds, harvest in
autumn. Snip off heads and dry for a few days. Shake out seeds and store in
an airtight container.
Part Shade to Full Sun
The plant's long, carrot-shaped root produces a round, finely grooved stem with
bluish stripes. The dark green leaves are alternately branched from joints on
the stem and dissected into numerous filiform segments. The small yellow flowers
are on large compound umbels. The oblong fruit has prominent ribs.
Fennel contains carminative properties, which means that it may help in the preventing of the formation and aid in the expulsion
of gas in the gastrointestinal tract. Fennel has also been used in some countries as a medicinal plant which can help improve eyesight.
Do not plant fennel near coriander,
caraway, or wormwood as they hinder each other's growth. Also, do not plant
near tomatoes or dwarf green beans. Plants should be supported when the bright
yellow flower heads form. The umbels of flowers resemble those of dill, except
that they are larger.
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